Frequently asked questions

What is Athos?

The Athos project aims to develop a public CO2-distribution network in the North Sea Canal area, enabling CCUS: the capture and transport of CO2, for usage or to be stored in empty gas fields under the North Sea.
Athos is an abbreviation for Amsterdam-IJmuiden CO2 Transport Hub & Offshore Storage

Which companies are part of the Athos project?

Athos is a joint initiative between Gasunie, EBN, Tata Steel and Port of Amsterdam.

Why have these companies initiated a CCUS project?

The Netherlands has set clear climate targets, in line with the signing of the Paris Accord, aiming to reduce CO2-emissions in the Netherlands by 49% by 2030 (compared to 1990).

The capture, usage and storage of CO(CCUS) can significantly contribute to these targets within a relatively short timeframe. It is therefore included as a prominent method for the industry in the Dutch Climate Agreement, being an important measure in the transition towards long-term solutions that can reuse CO2 on a large scale.

Under the name Athos, the parties jointly investigate the technical, economic, legal and social feasibility of such an infrastructure.

Where is the project planned?

The plan is to build an infrastructure in the North Sea Canal area, in the province North-Holland. A study by EBN & Gasunie has shown that the port areas in the Netherlands are suitable locations for developing CCUS-infrastructure, given the dense concentration of industry in the area and the possibility to store captured CO2 at sea. It is still too early to indicate exactly where the pipelines will be placed or where the compressor station will be built. Some factors that could influence that decision include the companies that will capture CO2, where the CO2 will be reused and in which aquifers, empty oil or gas fields the CO2 will be stored.

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